On November 1, 2013, the American Arbitration Association (the “AAA”) issued new Optional Appellate Arbitration Rules that allow for review of arbitral awards by a special appellate arbitral panel. Under the Federal Arbitration Act, an arbitration award may be set aside only by a court; and the grounds for setting aside an arbitration award are extremely narrow. The new Optional Appellate Arbitration Rules allow for a much broader review of arbitration awards by a special panel of appellate arbitrators. These new rules are optional and are available for both domestic and international cases. An optional appellate procedure for arbitration awards is also offered by CPR and JAMS in their arbitration rules.
Traditionally, one of the advantages of arbitration has been finality. However, the benefits of finality may be outweighed in certain large, complex cases by the loss of the right to appellate review of an award on the merits. The AAA has adopted these optional appellate rules in order to address such concerns.
The appeal procedure is only available where it is agreed to by all the parties to the arbitration, either in the arbitration clause or by post-dispute stipulation. We recommend that if reference is to be made to the Optional Appellate Arbitration Rules in the arbitration clause, the ability of a party to invoke appellate review be limited to those cases where the underlying award exceeds a certain monetary threshold. The trigger allowing for appellate review should be tied to the award itself, not to the amount of damages claimed in the initial demand for arbitration.
Key provisions of the new Optional Appellate Arbitration Rules are as follows:
Steven H. Reisberg is a Partner in the Litigation Department of Willkie Farr & Gallagher LLP in New York.